The body to carries out its daily functions through the consumption of macros or macronutrients required in large amounts. They consist of Carbohydrates, Protein and Fats, each having its own different types which affect the body in different but beneficial ways in certain circumstances.
Carbohydrates are the main energy source of the body. The body breaks them down into simple sugars and absorbs them into the bloodstream. The pancreas secretes insulin when sugar levels rise. It is needed to transport the sugar from the blood into the cells. Sugar is an energy source, the amount of energy that carbohydrates supply is 4 kcal per gram.
There are two types of carbohydrates namely simple and complex carbohydrates. Simple carbohydrates breakdown quickly in the body. They are found in fruits, milk products, white bread, white rice, sugar and syrups. Complex carbohydrates are other fruits, vegetables, whole grains and whole wheat products which break down slowly in the body because of their low processed texture and content. You must eat more complex carbohydrates because they are higher in nutrients.
The main building blocks of the body and muscle tissue, it breaks down into amino acids and other macromolecules. Just like Carbohydrates it contains 4 kcal of energy per gram.
There 3 types of proteins are fibrous, globular and membrane which I won’t elaborate more on them because of their many functions and example. all animal meat has protein. In plant products they can be found in nuts, lentils and chickpeas. There are also protein supplements out there being whey protein isolate, concentrate and hydrolysate.
Fats are the highest energy carrying macro having 9 kcal per gram. There are saturated (animal fats), unsaturated (plant and fish fats) and trans fats (artificially in some fast food). You should aim to eat more unsaturated fats, moderated saturated fats and minimal or no trans fats.
They’re broken down in fatty acids and glycerol to be absorbed as droplets. Fat must be eaten in balance with other macros. There’s a rise in the keto diet which I don’t know much about. It revolves around ketosis which is a process in which the body consumes energy from fat stored when it doesn’t have enough glucose (from carbs).
This was to assist in getting an understanding on macronutrients and of the great sources you can obtain and have a healthy balance of them with your cheat meals. To achieve your desired physique, you should learn to discipline yourself in eating according to your fitness goals, ways of achieving this can be through knowing what your calorie intake should be or counting macros.
How to count your macros next because it’s a lot more detailed than calories and takes its own understanding and research for me and for you.